Everyone with hearing loss complains about the ability to hear and understand in the presence of competing noise. Unfortunately, audiologists do not test in noise often, and pediatric audiologists test even less often.
Why doesn’t speech in noise get tested?
Audiologists do the work we do to help people and we really do not want to upset them more than necessary, so we often don’t test in noise because we know that our patients will struggle and we don’t want to distress them. But, if we do not test in difficult conditions we rally cannot know when we need to change technology settings and help our patients develop realistic expectations.
If we want to know how a person is doing we absolutely need to test our patients ability to hear in difficult listening situations including soft speech (35 dBHL) and in competing noise.
Hearing soft speech
Children learn 90% of what they learn through incidental learning – by overhearing. If a child cannot easily hear soft speech how can we expect them to overhear? If a child has aided thresholds at 30 or 35 dB she will hear soft speech at a very soft level – like a whisper. This means she will miss most of what is said. Not good for learning!!
The goal is that soft speech be at a comfortably loud level. If thresholds are at 20-25 dB we can expect the child to be able to hear soft speech but if it is at a higher level the child will not hear soft speech.
Hearing in noise
Everyone agrees that the ability to hear in noise is critical. But we don’t all test it. Why? “It takes too much time” is not a good excuse. We need to know how our patients hear in noise.
Although the American Academy of Audiology recommends speech in noise testing, Beck and Benitz (2019) report that less than 15% of audiologists test in noise. We may not be able to do speech in noise testing for a 3 month old but once kids talk, and certainly with adults, we are able to do this testing. People with hearing loss need speech to be at least 8 dB louder than the background noise in order to repeat back 50% of the words. The noise should be 4 talker babble rather that speech noise, white noise, pink noise etc. They are not good representations of typical listening conditions.
Advice for families
You are your own best advocates. If your audiologist is not testing with the technology (hearing aids, CI’s, Baha’s, RM) ask her to do the testing. Ask for the following
- Aided threshold testing with each piece of technology alone and with all those used together (eg. hearing aids and FM)
- Speech perception in sound field with technology at normal conversational levels (50 dBHL) – right alone, left alone, binaural, binaural with FM
- Speech perception in sound field with technology at soft conversational levels (35 dBHL) –binaural, binaural with FM
- Speech perception in sound field with technology at normal conversational levels in competing noise (50 dBHL + 5 SNR) or SIN test –binaural, binaural with FM
What do we do with the information?
Only by testing in multiple conditions do we really get a good picture of how a child is hearing. Having this information will help determine if she is hearing well enough, and if not, help determine if we need to modify technology settings, change technology, or develop therapy programs.
Only with data can we fix problems. Kids can be stars only if we do our job well.