International Giants in Otology: Robert Bárány

According to Pearce (2007),  Magnus Gustaf Retzius (1842–1919) initiated the anatomical studies of the semicircular apparatus. The physiologist Jean Pierre Flourens (1794–1867) in 1825 had observed that when a pigeon’s horizontal semicircular canal was destroyed, it went on turning horizontally in a circle. Purkinje (1787–1869) proved that changing the head position induced vertigo in man.  …

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International Giants in Otology: Politzer

Another major player in the development of 19th century otology was the Hungarian otologist, Adam Politzer (1835-1920).   Born to a wealthy Jewish family in 1835 in Alberti about 35 miles southeast of Budapest, young Adam was schooled by the founders of the Modern Medical School of Vienna  where special interest was taken in his development by two influential people, Johann Ritter von Oppolzer (1808–1871)…

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