The Sign of Grace

The year 1823 marked the end of the Champlain Valley’s relative isolation from the outside world and its entry into the US national economy.  The opening of the Champlain Canal fundamentally affected the economic development of the Champlain Valley in and around Lake Champlain, Burlington, VT.  The Champlain Canal also provided residents of Vermont and…

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The International Deafness Controversy of 1880

One of the first concepts learned in deaf education or aural rehabilitation courses is the controversy over sign language (manualism) vs. oralism.  There is an undertone that oralism is better than manualism. It has been the root of much discussion in the deaf community as well as among educational and medical professionals since the inception of formal sign language…

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