Captioning for the Deaf: Where Did It Come From?

Captioning of television and movies is a staple of the environment these days.  Something that young audiologists of the 1970s were not able to recommend to their patients to enjoy entertainment as well as educational films.  Later, at least in the US, with a “decoder” device hooked to the television hearing impaired individuals could actually interact…

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Development of the TTY – Part II

Lang (2000) reports that in 1964, at the time of the introduction of touch-tone phones, there were more than 85 million telephones in the United States and Canada but less than one percent were used regularly by deaf people.  If they didn’t ask their hearing neighbors for help, people with hearing loss depended upon their hearing children, some…

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