The Thalamo-cortical Pathway

Frank Musiek, Ph.D.   The term thalmo-cortical pathway (TCP) is an anatomical one and one of import to audiologists. However, it seems to be a term that is not commonly used in neuroanatomy or audiology. Therefore, consistent with Pathways articles, to focus on some lesser known but important topics, a brief account of the TCP…

Read More

Neuro-otology Intraoperative Neuromonitoring: Brainstem Auditory Evoked Responses

Krista Fitzgerald, Au.D., CCC-A, CNIM Assistant Clinical Professor and Director of Clinical Education, University of Florida Doctor of Audiology Program IONM liaison for SpecialtyCare, LLC   Intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring (IONM) is the use of electrophysiological measures during surgery in an attempt to reduce the risk of neurological insult involving the peripheral and central nervous system…

Read More

Part I: A Call for Implementing the Comprehensive Neurodiagnostic Audiology Evaluation: Effects of Concussion on Central Auditory and Vestibular Function

Jennifer Gonzalez, Au.D., Ph.D., CCC-A Speech and Hearing Sciences, College of Health Solutions, Arizona State University Concussion, also known as mild traumatic brain injury or mTBI, encompasses injuries caused by bumps, blows, or jolts to the head or body resulting in rapid movement of the head and brain(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018). Concussion…

Read More

Masking Level Differences (MLDs) in selected clinical populations : An overview

Frank Musiek, PhD   Background Masking level differences (MLDs), also termed bilateral masking level differences (BMLDs), were introduced to the scientific community by Ira Hirsh and J.C.R. Licklider in independent reports in 1948. Hirsh reported on MLDs for tonal stimuli and Licklider for speech stimuli. Though it is not the intent of this brief communication…

Read More