Wilder Penfield’s Contributions to Auditory Science: A Commentary

Abbie White, B.S. Au.D. Student, University of Arizona, Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences   Wilder Graves Penfield was a neurosurgeon whose contributions were vital to the field of auditory science. Born on January 26, 1891, in Spokane, Washington, Penfield made an impact at an early age. Penfield attended Princeton University where he became…

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The Thalamo-cortical Pathway

Frank Musiek, Ph.D.   The term thalmo-cortical pathway (TCP) is an anatomical one and one of import to audiologists. However, it seems to be a term that is not commonly used in neuroanatomy or audiology. Therefore, consistent with Pathways articles, to focus on some lesser known but important topics, a brief account of the TCP…

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Part I: A Call for Implementing the Comprehensive Neurodiagnostic Audiology Evaluation: Effects of Concussion on Central Auditory and Vestibular Function

Jennifer Gonzalez, Au.D., Ph.D., CCC-A Speech and Hearing Sciences, College of Health Solutions, Arizona State University Concussion, also known as mild traumatic brain injury or mTBI, encompasses injuries caused by bumps, blows, or jolts to the head or body resulting in rapid movement of the head and brain(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018). Concussion…

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Masking Level Differences (MLDs) in selected clinical populations : An overview

Frank Musiek, PhD   Background Masking level differences (MLDs), also termed bilateral masking level differences (BMLDs), were introduced to the scientific community by Ira Hirsh and J.C.R. Licklider in independent reports in 1948. Hirsh reported on MLDs for tonal stimuli and Licklider for speech stimuli. Though it is not the intent of this brief communication…

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